good to know Coffee Brown, start from the coffee tree
Coffee has gradually become the most popular drink in the world. It has gradually won people’s love with its mellow and rich taste, and more and more people like to drink coffee. According to statistics, about 500 billion cups of coffee are drunk every year.
The birth of a cup of coffee starts with a coffee tree. Do you know what a coffee tree looks like? How much do you know about coffee trees? Let’s get to know the common sense of coffee tree together(Good to know Coffee Brown):
Coffee tree species:
Coffee trees belong to the perennial evergreen trees of the Rubiaceae family. The commonly said coffee beans are actually the fruit seeds of the coffee trees. It takes 5 years from planting to fruiting, and 20 years from leafy to withered.
Coffee trees can grow to a height of 3 to 5 meters, but for the convenience of harvesting, their height is usually trimmed to less than 3 meters.
The coffee tree was originally a plant under the tropical rain forest. During its phylogenetic development, it forms a habit that requires quiet wind, coolness, shade or semi-shadow, and a humid environment. It is commonly found in areas between the Tropic of Cancer, such as: Central Africa, East Africa, and the Middle East In most countries such as India, South Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, and the Caribbean, this area is collectively referred to as the “coffee growing zone.”
The main coffee planting countries are : Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia, Colombia, Yunnan, etc. Shengtailu coffee beans have stable supply channels in major coffee producing areas in the world – Colombia, Brazil, Vietnam and other places to ensure that each raw bean is a superior and traceable product.
Climatic conditions and soil quality are the two most important factors for the growth of coffee trees. Coffee trees grow in the hot and humid tropics: the rainy season and the dry season alternate, the temperature is between 5 and 30 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall must reach 1500-2000 mm, and the rainfall time must match the flowering cycle of the coffee tree.
In addition, there must be fertile soil, well-drained, fertile soil containing volcanic ash. In addition, although sunlight is an indispensable element for the growth and fruit of coffee, too strong sunlight will inhibit the growth of coffee trees. Therefore, various producing areas usually cooperate with planting some shade trees. The ideal altitude is 500-2000 meters.
It can be seen that the conditions for cultivating high-quality coffee are quite strict: sunlight, rainfall, soil, temperature, as well as the coffee beans harvesting method and production process will affect the quality of the coffee itself.
The first flowering period of the coffee tree is about three years. The color of the coffee flower is white, with a fragrance of jasmine. It will fade in about 3 to 4 days, and the flower has five petals. The tip of its leaf is sharper, and the two pieces are relatively grouped. The leaf surface is dark green and the underside is light green, and it is oval.
It will wither after 2 or 3 days of flowering, and begin to bear fruit a few months later. The fruit is a drupe with a diameter of about 1.5 cm. It is green at first, then gradually turns yellow, and turns to red when it matures. It is very similar to cherries, so it is called Coffee Cherry and can be harvested at this time.
The coffee fruit contains two seeds, the coffee beans. The two beans are connected with each other on one side of the plane, facing each other upright. Each coffee bean has a thin outer membrane, which is called silver skin, and its outer layer is covered with a yellow outer skin called endocarp. The whole coffee beans are concealed in a viscous pulp to form coffee pulp, which is soft and sweet, and the outermost layer is the outer shell.